Smart Micro Grid
The integration of renewables in the existing infrastructure leads to new challenges. In case of conventional power generation, the generation follows the consumers demand. In contrast to that, the power generation of fluctuating renewable energies like wind and sun is weather dependent, what leads to temporal imbalances between supply and demand.
By components playing a active role in Smart Grids, stability is brought back to renewable energy systems. A cost minimal operation of energy systems is ensured by the foresighted behavior of stationary electricity storages, flexible prosumers of electricity and heat and electric vehicles for instance. One precondition for the active behavior of components is the exchange of information between the components among themselves and with their environment.